Coconut oil as a rehydrant in air dried oral buccal smears: An alternative to routine wet fixation


Original Article

Author Details : J Vini Mary Antony*, Pratibha Ramani, Brundha

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 222-225

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jooo.2021.059



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Abstract

The routine procedure to prepare a Pap smear is done by fixing the slides with 95% ethanol immediately after the sample is taken. This study was performed to determine the alternative method of air-drying and rehydration prior to alcohol fixation instead of conventional method. Paired buccal smears were collected from 50 patients who participated in the study. One set was labeled as (Wet fixed in 95% ethanol) WF and the other one Air-dried fixed (ARF) rehydrated and fixed with coconut oil. The staining quality of the slides was assessed with respect to nuclear details and cytoplasmic details, cytoplasmic staining and background staining. Single blinded study was done. The results were analyzed by Chi square test to compare the defined parameters between the two groups. Air-dried fixed (ARF) slides with coconut oil was significantly better with regard to clearance of background. There was statistically significant difference between the air dried smear rehydrated with coconut oil and normal wet fixed smear. So air dried smear rehydrated with coconut oil can be used as an alternative to wet fixed smear.
 

Keywords: Pap smears, rehydration, Air­dried, Coconut oil.


How to cite : Antony J V M, Ramani P, Brundha, Coconut oil as a rehydrant in air dried oral buccal smears: An alternative to routine wet fixation. J Oral Med Oral Surg Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2021;7(4):222-225


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and J Oral Med Oral Surg Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 02-12-2021

Accepted : 15-12-2021

Available online : 14-01-2022


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Article DOI

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jooo.2021.059


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