Incidence of histopathological variants of oral squamous cell carcinoma: An institutional study


Original Article

Author Details : Saket Mehrotra*

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 226-229

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jooo.2021.060



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Abstract

Background: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most important and the most common malignant mucosal neoplasm of the head and neck accounting for over 90% of all malignancies. Conventional oral Squamous cell carcinoma is frequently present in general cancerous conditions. It is bundled up with six different variants. Histomorphologically every variant shows a unique appearance. This raises an opportunity for the different diagnostic consideration with the precise management decision.
Methodology: All cases of OSCC reported at our institution Dentopath Pathologies Amravati in past two months were scrutinized. Representative sections containing the full thickness of the tumor were used for histopathological grading. The structure and identification of carcinomas were done microscopically by two expert dentopathologist.
Results: In the present study, we screened 100 slides of a conventional epithelial cell carcinoma. Amonst which 30 Slides showed the verrucous carcinoma. On 5 slides adenoid squamous cell carcinoma were observed. Incidence of Papillary squamous cell carcinoma and basaloid squamous cell carcinoma was only 1 out of 100 slides each. Whereas, the spindle cell/sarcomatoid carcinoma was observed on 2 slides. Adenosquamous carcinoma is the rarest variant and hence no incidence of this carcinoma were observed in our study.
Discussion: The behavior of the OSCC varies amongst due to the presence of different morphological type of tumor. A few studies on OSCC malignancy grading with different clinical parameters were made. In the present study different types of variants are seen according to their histopathological appearances.
Conclusion: Histopathological knowledge is very important for the precise diagnosis. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common neoplasm of oral cavity. However, variants of the same show very less frequency. Hence, it became challenge for the appropriate diagnosis as many times a misdiagnosis affects the course of treatment of the patient
 

Keywords: Verrucous carcinoma (VC), Adenoid/acantholytic/ pseudoglandular Squamous cell carcinoma (AdSCC), Spindle cell/sarcomatoid carcinoma (SCSC), Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC), Basaloid SCC (BSCC)


How to cite : Mehrotra S, Incidence of histopathological variants of oral squamous cell carcinoma: An institutional study. J Oral Med Oral Surg Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2021;7(4):226-229


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and J Oral Med Oral Surg Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 26-10-2021

Accepted : 25-11-2021

Available online : 14-01-2022


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jooo.2021.060


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